A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests that exposure to gestational diabetes diagnosed by 26 weeks is associated with risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in offspring. The study was conducted at Kaiser Permanente in Southern California hospitals and looked at more than 322,000 children born in 1995 to 2009. Researchers followed up with these children from birth to diagnosis of ASD, last date of health plan membership with Kaiser, death, or December 31, 2012. Of the more than 322,000 children included, 3,388 were diagnosed with an ASD. This number takes into account children exposed to preexisting type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes at or before 26 weeks, and after 26 weeks. After the initial results had been adjusted for maternal age, parity, education, household income, race/ethnicity, history of comorbidity, and sex of the child, maternal, researchers did not find that maternal preexisting type 2 diabetes was significantly associated with risk of ASD in offspring. On the other hand, gestational diabetes diagnosed at 26 weeks or earlier still consistently showed as associated with risk of ASD. What are your thoughts about this finding?
For more information, please see JAMA.
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