Smoking cessation therapy consists of nicotine replacement therapies such as patches, gums, and lozenges, nicotine partial agonists such as varenicline and antidepressants such as bupropion. However, non-pharmacological approaches such as mindfulness-based activities (e.g. meditation, yoga) have been explored with promising results. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine recently published a systematic literature review on the effect mindfulness-based interventions have on smokers. The review was performed at the Federal University of Sao Paulo in Brazil under the leadership of Isabel Cristina Weiss de Souza and colleagues. It analyzed 198 studies concluding that all of them reported promising results with mindfulness-based activities in terms of smoking cessation, relapse prevention, number of cigarettes smoked and ways to handle triggers of smoking. Smoking is an area of great concern in the field of public health and having a non-pharmacological treatment option may encourage some smokers to quit. How often do you counsel patients on smoking cessation? What are your favorite mindfulness-based activities? What can you see yourself recommending for smoking cessation?
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